Mastering IELTS Writing Task 2

Boost your IELTS Writing Task 2 score with our comprehensive course, including tips, strategies, and mock tests to help you succeed.


Analyzing High-Scoring IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers

Magnifying glass examining a paper with a large A+ grade

In this module, you will learn how to identify the key features of successful IELTS Writing Task 2 essays by examining high-scoring sample answers. Analyzing these samples can provide valuable insights into what examiners are looking for and help you understand how to achieve a top-scoring response in both the General and Academic versions of the test.

Key Features of High-Scoring IELTS Essays

High-scoring IELTS Writing Task 2 essays typically have the following characteristics:

  1. Clear and coherent structure: The essay is well-organized, with a strong introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Each paragraph focuses on a single main idea or argument, and there are smooth transitions between ideas. You can practice structure with our interactive essay templates.
  2. Effective thesis statement: The essay contains a clear, focused thesis statement that outlines the writer's position or opinion on the topic.
  3. Strong arguments and evidence: The essay presents persuasive arguments, supported by relevant examples, facts, or personal experiences. The evidence is well-explained and directly related to the main ideas or arguments.
  4. Wide range of vocabulary: The essay demonstrates a rich and varied vocabulary, with accurate and appropriate word choices. You can improve vocabulary with our Collocation Panda Game
  5. Accurate grammar and punctuation: The essay is free of grammatical errors and uses correct punctuation. The writer employs a variety of sentence structures to maintain the reader's interest and to effectively convey their ideas.

To learn more about grading check out detailed scoring instructions recently published by IELTS

Analyzing High-Scoring IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers

By examining high-scoring IELTS Writing Task 2 essays, you can identify the key features that contribute to a top-scoring response. Here, we provide an example of a high-scoring IELTS Writing Task 2 essay and analyze its main characteristics.


Some people think that governments should spend money on railways. Others believe that there should be more investment in roads. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

High-Scoring IELTS Essay


The allocation of government funds towards transportation infrastructure has been a subject of ongoing debate. While some argue that investing in railways is crucial, others contend that a greater focus should be placed on road development. This essay will explore both perspectives and ultimately argue that a balanced investment in both railways and roads is necessary.

Body Paragraph 1:

Proponents of railway investment often highlight the environmental benefits associated with this mode of transportation. Trains are generally more energy-efficient than cars and trucks, producing fewer greenhouse gas emissions per passenger or unit of cargo. For example, a study conducted by the European Environment Agency found that rail transport emits approximately 14 grams of CO2 per passenger-kilometer, compared to 42 grams for road transport. By investing in railways, governments can promote sustainable transportation options that help combat climate change.

Body Paragraph 2:

On the other hand, supporters of road investment argue that roads are indispensable for the daily functioning of society. Roads serve as the primary means of transportation for many people, facilitating access to work, school, and other essential services. Moreover, roads are crucial for the transport of goods, connecting farms and factories to markets and distribution centers. Investing in roads can improve traffic flow, reduce congestion, and ultimately boost economic productivity.


In conclusion, while both railways and roads offer distinct advantages, a balanced approach to transportation investment is necessary. Governments should allocate resources to both railways, for their environmental benefits, and roads, for their essential role in society. By doing so, they can ensure a sustainable and efficient transportation network that meets the diverse needs of their citizens.

Key Features of the High-Scoring Essay

  1. Clear Introduction: The essay starts with a clear introduction that paraphrases the prompt, introduces the main ideas, and presents the writer's opinion.
  2. Coherent Body Paragraphs: Each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence, provides supporting evidence, and offers a clear explanation. Transition words and phrases are used effectively to maintain cohesion.
  3. Balanced Discussion: The essay presents a balanced discussion of both views, with relevant examples and a clear focus on the topic.
  4. Strong Vocabulary and Grammar: The essay demonstrates a wide range of vocabulary and accurate grammar usage, with varied sentence structures.
  5. Clear Conclusion: The conclusion effectively summarizes the main points and restates the writer's opinion, providing a final thought or implication.

By analyzing high-scoring essays like the one above, you can gain valuable insights into what makes an IELTS Writing Task 2 response successful. Use these insights to inform your own writing and strive for continuous improvement.


IELTS Essay Writing Mock Test (5)

Take another mock test, focusing on incorporating the key features of high-scoring IELTS Writing Task 2 essays in your response. Apply the insights gained from analyzing high-scoring sample answers to enhance your own essay writing. After completing the mock test, review your essay and identify areas for improvement.